Acknowledgements

The collection and edition of Harrod's interwar papers and correspondence papers could not have been completed without the help of a number of people and institutions. Many stimulations and ideas derive from casual conversation or occasional readings, and it would therefore not be possible to recognize or remember all debts one incurs in more than a decade of hunting documents and trying to make sense of them. Nevertheless, a large number of archivists, colleagues and friends have patiently answered specific queries, examined published and unpublished materials on my behalf, and lent their support in many way. My gratefulness to them all simply cannot be expressed in words.

Archivists and curators

The collection of these papers benefited from the precious help of the archivists of the repositories where these documents are preserved. To all of them, and also to their colleagues who have searched their collections on my behalf without finding any Harrodiana, I express my gratitude.

Besides helping me in locating documents, some have been very helpful in supplying supplementary information on context. Special thanks are therefore due to the actual and former presidents, the heads of the library, the administration, and the staff of Chiba University of Commerce, whose kind and efficient assistance during my prolonged stays in Japan was appreciated beyond words. I also wish to express my gratefulness to Norma Aubertin-Potter, librarian in charge, Codrington Library, All Souls, Oxford; Sandra Bailey, librarian, Wadham College, Oxford; Simon Bailey, keeper of the archives, University of Oxford; Toby Barnard, keeper of the archives, Hertford College, Oxford; Mary Bone, librarian, Royal Institute of International Affairs, London; Diana Chardin, librarian, Wren Library, Trinity College, Cambridge; Jacky Cox, former archivist at King's College, Cambridge; Judith Curthoys, archivist, Christ Church, Oxford; Mark Curthoys, former archivist, Christ Church, Oxford; Lori N. Curtis, head of Special Collections, McFarlin Library, the University of Tulsa; Caroline Dalton, archivist, New College, Oxford; Robin Darwall-Smith, archivist, Magdalen College, Oxford; Sarah Dodgson, librarian, The Athenæum, London; Sue Donnelly, archivist, British Library of Political and Economic Science; Peter Foden, former archivist, Oxford University Press; Kathy Garay, archivist, the William Ready Division of Archives and Research Collections, McMaster University Library, Hamilton, Canada; Harley P. Holden, archivist, Harvard University Archives, Pusey Library, Cambridge, MA; Jonathan Holmes, keeper of the records, Queens' College, Cambridge; John Jones, librarian, Balliol College, Oxford; Tristram Jones-Parry, headmaster, Westminster School, London; Daniel Kress, archivist, Staatsarchiv, Kantons Basel-Stadt, Basel; Carol A. Leadenham, assistant archivist for reference, Hoover Institution Archives; Martin Maw, archivist, Oxford University Press; Madeleine Midgley, assistant librarian, special collections, Exeter University Library; Sarah Millard, deputy archivist at the Bank of England Archive; Ros Moad, archivist, King's College, Cambridge; Ruth Ogden, library administrator, St. John's College Oxford; Kate Perry, librarian, Girton College, Cambridge; Graeme Powell, Manuscript Librarian, Australian Collections and Reader Services, National Library of Australia, Canberra; Tricia Pyne, Librarian, Georgetown University Library; Angela Raspin, former archivist, British Library of Political and Economic Science; Deirdre Sharp, archivist, University of East Anglia, Norwich; Nicholas B. Scheetz, manuscript librarian, Special Division, Georgetown University Library; Wayne Shimoguchi, librarian at Nagoya University of Commerce and Business Administration; Jonathan Smith, archivist, Wren Library, Trinity College, Cambridge; Darwin H. Stapleton, director, Rockefeller Archives Center; Anne Summers, curator of the Harrod Papers at the British Library, London; Anna Svenson, former librarian, League of Nations archives, Geneva; Rowland Thomas, Librarian, Marshall Library of Economics, Cambridge; Steven Tomlison, Bodleian Library, Department of Western Manuscripts; Hideki Uchijima and the staff at the Faculty Library of Economics, University of Tokyo; Eleanor Vallis, archives assistant, Nuffield College, Oxford; David Weston, keeper of special collections, Glasgow University Library; Martin Williams, college librarian, Queen's College, Cambridge; Andrew Wiseman, Queen Mother Library, University of Aberdeen; Debra Wynn, formerly rare book librarian at Nagoya University of Commerce and Business Administration.

Repositories

For permission to examine and/or reproduce, in full or in part, the documents included or referred to in these volumes, I am grateful to the following people and institutions:

The British Library of Political and Economic Science for the Andrews and Brunner Papers.

The BBC Written Archives Centre, for the correspondence between Harrod and Mary Somerville, and the scripts of Harrod's essay on Marx.

Henry Hardy, for Harrod's letters in the Isahia Berlin Papers.

The British Library of Political and Economic Science for the Beveridge Papers.

The keeper of the archives at the Bodleian Library, for the Bodleian library records.

Documents from the James Bonar Papers are cited with permission of Glasgow University Library.

The keeper of the archives at the Bodleian Library, for the Papers of the British Association for the Advancement of Science.

The British Library of Political and Economic Science for the Papers of Edwin Cannan.

The William Ready Division of Archives and Research Collections, McMaster University Library, Hamilton, Canada, for the George Catlin archive.

The master and fellows of Churchill College, Cambridge, and the keeper and staff of Churchill Archives Centre, for the Chartwell (Winston Churchill) Papers.

Nuffield College, Oxford, for the Cherwell (Lindemann) Papers.

McFarlin Library, the University of Tulsa, for the Connolly Papers.

The British Library of Political and Economic Science for the papers of Hugh Dalton.

The master and fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, for the Dobb Papers.

The master and fellows of Churchill College, Cambridge, and the keeper and staff of Churchill Archives Centre, for the Duncan-Sandys Papers.

Christ Church, Oxford, for the Dundas Papers and other manuscripts.

The British Library of Political and Economic Science for the papers of Evan Durbin.

Faber and Faber, publishers, for their own archives.

The British Library of Political and Economic Science for the Fabian Society Papers.

The Library of Congress, Washington, for the papers of Felix Frankfurter.

The Hoover Institution, for the Haberler Papers.

The British Library, for their three collections of Harrod Papers.

Chiba University of Commerce for the Harrod Papers.

The Nagoya University of Commerce and Business Administration for the Harrod Collection.

Georgetown University Library for the Harrod-Woodruff Papers.

The master and fellows of Churchill College, Cambridge, and the keeper and staff of Churchill Archives Centre, for the Hawtrey Papers.

The Hoover Institution, for the Hayek Papers.

Nuffield College, Oxford, for the Henderson Papers.

The warden and fellows of New College, Oxford, for the Joseph Papers.

The provost and scholars of King's College, Cambridge, for the Kahn Papers.

The provost and scholars of King's College, Cambridge, for the Kaldor Papers.

The provost and scholars of King's College, Cambridge, for the Keynes Papers.

The Marshall Library of Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, for Keynes's, Pigou's and Robertson's annotated copies of Harrod's The Trade Cycle.

The Faculty Library of Economics, University of Tokyo, for the collection Keynes and Harrod--Letters and Memoranda.

The University of Chicago Library, for the Knight Papers.

The National Library of Australia for the John La Nauze Papers.

The League of Nations for the papers relating to the League's inquiries on trade cycle theories.

Nuffield College, Oxford, for the Loveday Papers.

Donal MacDouglas, for his own correspondence with Harrod.

The British Library, for the Macmillan Papers.

The John Rylands University Library, University of Manchester, for the Manchester Guardian Archives.

The University of California in Los Angeles for the Marschak Papers

The British Library of Political and Economic Science for the papers of James Meade.

The Rare Books and Manuscripts Library, Columbia University , New York, for the Mitchell Papers.

Cambridge University Library, for the Moore Papers.

The keeper of the archives at the Bodleian Library, for the papers of Gilbert Murray.

Oxford University Press, for the correspondence between Harrod and the Press.

The keeper of the archives at the Bodleian Library, for the minutes of several Oxford University societies.

The master and fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, for the Pethick-Lawrence Papers.

The master and fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, for the Robertson Papers.

The provost and scholars of King's College, Cambridge, for the Joan Robinson Papers.

The Rockefeller Archives Centre, for materials relating to the Rockefeller grants to Oxford Social University, including the re-organization of the Bodleian Library and of social science studies.

The Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, New York, for the Roosevelt Papers.

The Royal Institute of International Affairs, for the papers relating to Chatham House research groups.

The Robinson Library, University of Newcastle, for Harrod's correspondence with Walter Runciman.

The British Library, for the Edward Sackville-West Papers.

The keeper of the archives at the Bodleian Library, for the papers of M. E. Sadler.

The provost and scholars of King's College, Cambridge, for the Sheppard Papers.

The keeper of the archives at the Bodleian Library, for the papers of John Simon.

The master and fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, for the Sraffa Papers.

The British Library, for the Marie Stopes Papers.

The master and fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, for the Thompson Papers.

The master and fellows of Churchill College, Cambridge, and the keeper and staff of Churchill Archives Centre, for the Thurso (Archibald Sinclair) Papers.

Erasmus University, for Tinbergen's papers.

The Oxford University Archives for the documents relating to the University of Oxford.

The University of Chicago Library, for the Viner Papers.

The Master and Fellows of Churchill College, Cambridge, and the keeper and staff of Churchill Archives Centre, for the Gordon Walker Papers.

McFarlin Library, the University of Tulsa, for the West Papers.

Georgetown University Library for the Woodruff collection .

The University of East Anglia, for the Zuckermann Papers.

Copyright owners

The kind and indispensable collaboration of copyright owners was also very much appreciated, and is gratefully acknowledged.

Chiba University of Commerce, Ichikawa, Japan, and in particular president Hiroshi Kato and former president Yasumasa Hayakawa, for Harrod's writings in their possession.

The Faculty Library of Economics, University of Tokyo, and in particular its director Prof. Haruhito Takeda, for Harrod's writings in their possession.

Nagoya University of Commerce and Business Administration, in particular president Hiroshi Kurimoto, for Harrod's writings deposited in their rare books collection.

Dominick Harrod and Lady Harrod, for the remainder of Harrod's own unpublished writings.

The academic registrar of Lancaster University, for the writings of P. W. S. Andrews.

Lady Ayer, for the letters of Alfred Ayer.

The British Library of Political and Economic Science for the Beveridge's writings.

Lady Evelyn Brown and Juliet Hopkins for Henry Phelps Brown's writings;

Churchill's letters are reproduced with permission of Curtis Brown Ltd, London, on behalf of the estate of Sir Winston S. Churchill; copyright Winston S. Churchill.

The British Library of Political and Economic Science for Dalton's writings.

Brian Pollitt for permission to reproduce Dobb's letter.

Lady Duncan-Sandys, for permission to examine the Duncan-Sandys Papers.

Seymour J. Weissman and the late Elizabeth Durbin, for permission to reproduce E. F. M. Durbin's letters.

The Library, Nuffield College, Oxford, has asked on my behalf to the copyright holder of Edgeworth's writings, who has kindly agreed to publication.

Prof. George W. Fisher, for the letters of Irving Fisher.

Felix Frankfurter, for donating his own writings to the public.

The late Prof. Haberler, for his own letters to Harrod.

Lady Roberthall, for Robert Hall's writings.

Prof. Donald Moggridge, for Hawtrey's letters to Harrod.

Sir Nicholas Henderson, for Hubert Henderson's correspondence with Harrod.

Prof. Anthony S. Courakis, for John Hicks's letter to Harrod.

Mary Jay for Douglas Jay's letter to Harrod.

Prof. David Papineau, for Kahn's writings.

Prof. Anthony P. Thirlwall for Kaldor's correspondence with Harrod.

Prof. Jerzy Osiatynski, for Kalecki's letter to Harrod.

J. M. Keynes's letters are reproduced by kind permission of the provost and scholars of King's College, Cambridge.

Frank B. Knight for his father's Frank H. Knight's letters to Harrod.

Lindsay Cleland, for permission to examine and reproduce Harrod's correspondence with La Nauze.

The English-Speaking Union for F. A. Lindemann's letters to Harrod.

Sir Ian Scott, on behalf of Lady Drusilla Scott, for A. D. Lindsay's correspondence with Harrod.

Sir Donald MacDougall, for an anecdote regarding Harrod's concerns on population.

The trustees of the HM Book Trust Copyright and Archives Fund, for Harold Macmillan's correspondence with Harrod.

Prof. Thomas Marschak, for Jacob Marschak's writings.

Margaret Meade and the later Prof. Meade, for the latter's letters to Harrod.

Dorothy Morgenstern Thomas, for Oskar Morgenstern's letters to Harrod.

The secretary to the Delegates of the Oxford University Press, for Mulgan's correspondence with Harrod.

The secretary to the Delegates of the Oxford University Press, for the extract from Onion's letter to Harrod.

The estate of A. C. Pigou and John Johnson Ltd, London, for Pigou's letter and note to Harrod.

Prof. Polak, for his own letter to Harrod.

Dr. Hugo Radice, for Edward Albert Radice's letter to Harrod.

Jane Burch, for Frank Ramsey's letters to Harrod.

Christopher Johnson, for Robbins's correspondence with Harrod.

Judith M. R. Brown, for Dennis Robertson's unpublished writings.

J. V. Robinson's letters are reproduced by kind permission of the provost and scholars of King's College, Cambridge.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt for donating his own writings to the public.

Prof. W. G. Runciman, for Walter Runciman's letters to Harrod.

The Harvard University Archives, for Schumpeter's letter to Harrod.

Lady Simon, for John Simon's letters to Harrod.

The secretary to the Delegates of the Oxford University Press, for Sisam's correspondence with Harrod.

The Labour Party, for Maurice Webb's letter to Harrod.

Special Collections Division, Georgetown University Library, for Woodruff's writings in their possession.

The Daily Telegraph, for Harrod's press items 6 and 13 .

The Financial Times, for Harrod's articles 16 and 26 .

The Guardian , for Harrod's articles in the Manchester Guardian (press items 15 and 30 ).

Press item 28 is reproduced by kind permission of the Oxford Mail .

The Times and Harrod for Harrod's articles 4 and 22 , published on 4 November 1932 and 11 August 1938, respectively. (these documents could not be included in the present electronic edition)

The Spectator, for Harrod's articles 12 and 36 .

Press item 11 , originally published in the Evening Standard, is reproduced by kind permission of Atlantic Syndication.

Although every effort has been made to trace and contact copyright holders before publication, in some case this proved impossible, either because insufficient information on the estate was available, because requests of permission remained unanswered, or because there does not seem to be any direct descendant. Apologies are offered for any errors or omissions, which will be rectified at the earliest opportunity. In particular, it has not been possible to find the literary executors of H. Acton, W. M. Allen, H. M. Andrews, K. Bode, J. Bonar, E. Cannan, W. Craven-Ellis, L. M. Fraser, F. E. Fremantle, H. B. W. Joseph, G. G. Leveson-Gower, E. Lindahl, A. Loveday, D. H. Macgregor, W. C. Mitchell, H. Neisser, M. Palyi, A. C. Pigou, H. Richter-Altschäffer, J. Shepherd, F. Taussig, J. Viner, C. M. Webb, W. M. Wiggins, A. N. Whitehead. It could also not be ascertained who administers the copyright of the magazine Anglodania.

Colleagues and other informers

For discussions of specific problems, suggestions on sources, various forms of advice, and their encouragement, I am indebted to Nahid Aslanbeigui, Roger Backhouse, Klaus-Rainer Brintzinger, Anna Carabelli, Claudia Cicconi, Nicolò De Vecchi, Ross Emmett, Guido Erreygers, Peter Groenewegen, Harald Hagemann, Omar Hamouda, Geoffrey Harcourt, Henry Hardy, Susan Howson, Bruna Ingrao, Andrea Jahn, Hans Siggaard Jensen, Kit Jones, Ernest Koenig, Frederic Lee, Cristina Marcuzzo, Nadia Marzullo, James Meade, Donald Moggridge, Tiziano Raffaelli, Ben Rogers, Malcolm Rutherford, Warren Samuels, Toshio Shinozaki, Robert Skidelsky, Anthony Thirlwall, Paul Wendt, Roy Weintraub, Debra Wynn, and Warren Young, to whom I am particularly grateful for having checked Harrod's diaries on my behalf.

I am very grateful to Dominick Harrod for information and recollections about his father and other family members, to Henry Scott Stokes and Charity Scott Stokes for information on their father H. F. Scott-Stokes, and to Henry Ellingworth for information on E. O. Siepmann.

For the editorial criteria I owe much to discussions with Ottavio Besomi, Luca Danzi, and Emilio Speciale.

Financial support

For financial support to the research I am grateful to the Swiss National Science Foundation and to the Commissione Culturale, Dipartimento Istruzione e Cultura del Canton Ticino, Bellinzona, Switzerland. Both institutions also helped finance the publication of these volumes.

Web site

Finally, I am grateful to the Faculty of Economics of the University of Pavia, Italy, for hosting this web site.


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