Simon, John Allsebrook

Simon (1873-1954, knighted in 1910, created 1st Viscount of Stackpole in 1940) was educated at Fettes College, Edinburgh, and Wadham College, Oxford, where he was president of the Union Society (1896). He was fellow of All Souls (1897) and was called to the Bar in 1899, later becoming bencher (1919) and treasurer (1930) of Inner Temple; in 1927-30 he suspended his practice at the Bar to become chairperson of the Indian Statutory Commission. He was Member of Parliament for the Liberal Party (1906-18 and 1922-31), and from 1931 to 1940 for the National Liberal Parties, which he formed and led. He was registrar-general (1910-13), attorney-general with seat in cabinet (1913-15), Secretary of State for Home Affairs (1915-16 and 1935-37) and for Foreign Affairs (1931-35), deputy leader of the House of Commons (1935-37), Chancellor of the Exchequer (1937-40) and Lord Chancellor (1940-45). He became high steward of Oxford University in 1948.

When Simon first contested Spen Valley in 1920, Harrod canvassed for him. Thereafter he sought Simon's advice, and was a frequent guest at Simon's home. In the 1920s, they both belonged to the Asquithian wing of the Liberal Party. Harrod wrote of him: "We liberals had always assumed, of course, that Simon was a great intellect".

See list of letters .

Source: www ; DNB ; Harrod, The Prof. (1959), pp. 143-44.


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