MacDonald, James Ramsay

After interrupting elementary education and having taken up menial office jobs, MacDonald (1866-1937) worked part time for a science degree. He joined the Independent Labour Party (1984) and became the secretary of the Labour Representation Committee. He was elected to the House of Commons (1906-18 and 1922-37), became leader of the Labour Party (1911-14) and leader of the opposition (1922). He became the first Labour Prime Minister of Britain (1924 and 1929-31), and subsequently led the coalition government (1931-35).

Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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