Chamberlain (1869-1940) was educated at Rugby and Mason College, Birmingham. He managed his father's plantation in Bahamas Islands (1890-97), then was engaged in the metalworking industry in Birmingham. He entered Birmingham City Council in 1911 to be chairperson of the Town Planning Committee (1911), alderman (1914), lord mayor (1915-16). He was a Unionist Member of Parliament from 1918 and served as Postmaster General (1922-23), Paymaster-General (1923), Minister of Health (1923, 1924-29, and 1931), Chancellor of the Exchequer (1923-24 and 1931-37), Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury (1937-40), and Lord President of the Council from 1940.
Source: www , Encyclopedia Britannica.
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