Cecil, Robert Arthur James Gascoyne- (Viscount Cranborne)

Cecil (1893-1972, Baron Cecil of Essendon, 1941, and succeeded father as 5th Marquess of Salisbury, 1947), was educated at Eton and at Christ Church, Oxford, as Viscount Cranborne. He worked in the City for some years, then was elected to Parliament for the Conservative Party (1929). He was parliamentary private secretary to Anthony Eden (1934), and was appointed under-secretary of state for foreign affairs in 1935. He resigned, following Eden, in protest against the appeasement of Mussolini (February 1938). He returned to office with Churchill as Paymaster-General and Secretary of State for the Dominions, then Secretary of State for the Colonies and leader of the House of Lords (1942), leader of the opposition in the Lords (1945-51) and Lord President of the Council (1952-57). He was chancellor of Liverpool University (1951-71). He was the oldest brother of David Cecil .

Source: DNB .


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